San Luis Rey Historic Images
By 1815, only seventeen years after it was founded, San Luis Rey had large distinctive church. A decade later the mission complex extended over six acres, and there were Roman arches spanning the front of the convento. This gallery shows historic illustrations and contemporary photographs of the largest and most prosperous of the California Mission.
San Luis Rey, by Auguste Duhaut-Cilly
Duhaut-Cilly, a French sea captain, made this detailed drawing in 1827. It was published in Paris in 1834-35.
Fr. Antonio Peyri’s Last Farewell and Blessing
By Alexander Harmer. Fr. Peyri was the founding Missionary and leader of the mission for 34 years. This illustration showing him waving farewell to his beloved neophytes.
Captain Portilla at San Luis Rey
After Fr. Peyri’s departure, relations with the neophytes deteriorated, and in 1835 they refused to work at Mission San Luis Rey. Captain Porilla, the mission administrator, pleaded with them during this visit. By Alexander Harmer.
Indians road to Oceanside after secularization
Former neophytes at San Luis Rey on the road to Oceanside after the mission wa secularized in 1834, a drawing by Alexander Harmer, colorized © 2014, Pentacle Press LLC.
San Luis Rey by HMT Powell 1850
Powell left Greenville Illinois in April 1849 for the California Gold Fields. He sketched a number of the California Missions during his travels, returning home in 1851.
San Luis Rey by Edward Vischer, 1865
Vischer published Drawings of the California Missions in 1872 and The Mission Era: California under Spain and Mexico in 1878.
San Luis Rey, a drawing made in 1883 by Henry Sandham
This drawing was published in Century Magazine in 1883.
drawing of Mission San Luis Rey
A drawing of San Luis Rey (artist unknown), made 1891, from an original print in the collection of California Missions Resource Center.
San Antonio de Pala Asistencia
San Antonio de Pala, an asistencia of San Luis Rey, a colorized drawing published in 1878 in Harper’s Weekly, courtesy of Pentacle Press LLC.
San Luis Rey by Edwin Deakin, 1899
Edwin Deakin (1838-1923) was a British American artist who moved to San Francisco in 1870. He was a key figure in the effort to save the California Missions. His one-man show (April, 1900) at the Palace Hotel featured all of his 21 mission paintings.
Mexican Franciscans at San Luis Rey in 1892
The Franciscans began, a major restoration of the mission in 1890s.
San Luis Rey by Will Sparks
A painting of San Luis Rey by Will Sparks, (1862-1937), from his second mission series, which is still intact.
San Luis Rey
A photograph of San Luis Rey by David J. McLaughlin, 2015.
Lavenderia steps with church in distance
View of the steps of the ruins of mission lavanderia, with the church visible in the distance, a photograph by David J. McLaughlin, 2014.
Quadrangle and first pepper tree
A view of the mission quadrangle and the first California pepper tree, from the collection of the California Missions Resource Center.
Restored Interior of SLR Church
Interior of San Luis Rey Church, by David J. Mclaughlin, 2014.