Common Terms of the California Missions
Technically, the “Royal Highway” a term used to designate the main road in a Spanish territory. In Alta California, El Camino Real was a dirt road that linked the missions and extended from San Diego to Sonoma. U.S. 101 roughly parallels El Camino Real.
An Indian male nurse who tended the numerous sick at the mission.
Temporary brush shelter.
The military guard assigned from a nearby presidio for mission or pueblo protection. It consisted of a corporal and from 5 to 7 soldiers.
A short carbine carried by most Spanish soldiers.
Separate pierced bell-wall such as that found at Mission San Diego or Mission San Gabriel.
Spanish linear measurement of about 3.3 meters, or 11 feet.