Common Terms of the California Missions
An Indian settlement where dwellings are not permanent and are scattered some distance from each other.
A settlement or a ranch. During mission times ranches could be used for livestock or for agriculture and typically included vast holdings of land.
The dining area in a mission.
Sealed metal and glass receptacle for displaying sacred objects.
The front wall of a mission church, similar to an espadana, but without openings for bells. It may contain a niche for a statue.
Structure placed behind the altar table and against the wall, typically sub-divided into panels and nichos, and richly decorated.
The process of rebuilding a structure, using to the extent possible, original plans, material and tools.
Neophytes who escaped from a mission. A concerted effort was made to recapture all runaways, often with military excursions into the interior during the 1820s-1830s, when missions were under pressure to maintain production as the neophyte population declined.