Common Terms of the California Missions
Spanish for lower. Used to decribe Baja California, the peninsula that is part of Mexico, directly south of Alta California.
A low barrier (made of carved and painted wooden spindles and a railing) often created in the mission churches.
17th century style of artistic expression characterized by elaborate ornamentation and dynamic forms.
A deep ravine or canyon.
A Roman Catholic Church of special historical and religious importance.
The armed uprising by a band of Americans that started on June 14, 1846, leading to the declaration of the independent California Republic. Within a month, the United States occupied Monterey and California officially became part of the United States in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
A wood-fired cone-shaped over used for baking bread.
A cellar, wine cellar or wine vault.
A leather container consisting of a single cowhide used for storing or shipping tallow. The contents weighed about 200 pounds.
A carved, painted three-dimensional figure usually set in a recess. Most of the mission churches featured a bulto depicting the saint for whom the mission is named.
Supporting structures built into a standing wall to strengthen it.