Mission Information, Facts, Requests for History
Many forces worked together to bring an end to the mission system. Perhaps the fundamental reason was that the missions had served their purpose as the primary means of "settling" California and transforming it from a wilderness. By 1830s the mission controlled lands covered about 1/3 of the future state, and the total population had grown to about 30,000 - in the missions, presidios and towns that were formed (the most prominent of which would become Los Angeles). As the number of settlers grew they came to covet the lands and property of the missions.
The Spanish used the mission system to settle and protect its long and exposed frontier. The territory north of Mexico City was referred to as the Northern Frontier.
Santa Cruz was founded on August 28, 1791 under the overall leadership of Fr. Fermin Lasuen, the second Father President of the mission chain. The founding missionaries (the men who were responsible for building the mission day-in and day-out in its initial years) were Fr. Isidro Salazar and Fr. Baldomero Lopez.
First of all, why did they have missions and why were they important?
The primary source for original mission records for the California Missions are at the Mission Archives Library in Santa Barbara, where many of the original documents were centralized. I would start there.
Here are some addition sources used by mission scholars:
Here is the story. It gets a little complicated.
|MISSION||OFFICAL NAME||ABBREVIATION / NICKNAME DESIGNATION|
|San Diego de Alcala||San Diego Mission||Mother of the Missions|