Yes, they certainly did. The noted expedition artist Louis Choris (1795-1828) did this wonderful drawing of the “Dance Head Dress” of the California Indians during the month he spent in California in October, 1816.
Choris was a talented Ukranian-born artist in his early 20s. He produced a splendid volume of colored lithographs entitled Picturesque Voyage around the World upon his return. Choris was killed by bandits in 1828 during an expedition to South America.